Z. Lucas Uhm (严整辉)

KIAA postdoc
Research interests: 
Gamma ray bursts; Hydrodynamics; Radiation processes; Relativistic shock waves.
Research Highlights: 

The first image above (Credit: NASA/Swift/Mary Pat Hrybyk-Keith and John Jones) shows an artist's impression of a Gamma-ray Burst (GRB), the most energetic explosion in the Universe since the Big Bang. In a recent paper published in Nature Physics (06 April 2014), Prof. Bing Zhang and I made a theoretical breakthrough in understanding the radiation mechanism of GRB prompt emission. We showed that, when the magnetic field strength B in the emitting region decreases in time, the fast-cooling synchrotron spectrum is in fact in a non-steady state and becomes significantly harder than the "standard" one, thus becoming well consistent with the observed low-energy index of GRB prompt spectra. In the first column (model [a]) of the second figure above, we first reproduced the standard spectrum assuming a constant value of B. We then showed in the numerical models [b] - [d] that the fast-cooling spectrum gets indeed harder when the B value in the region decreases in time. For details, see http://www.nature.com/nphys/journal/v10/n5/abs/nphys2932.html.



Recent Publications:

Uhm, Z. L.; Zhang, B. 2014, ApJ, 789, 39

Dynamics and Afterglow Light Curves of GRB Blast Waves Encountering a Density Bump or Void


Uhm, Z. L.; Zhang, B. 2014, Nature Physics, 10, 351

Fast Cooling Synchrotron Radiation in a Decaying Magnetic Field and GRB Emission Mechanism


Uhm, Z. L.; Zhang, B. 2014, ApJ, 780, 82

On the Non-existence of a Sharp Cooling Break in GRB Afterglow Spectra


Uhm, Z. L.; Zhang, B.; Hascoet, R.; Daigne, F.; Mochkovitch, R.; Park, I. H. 2012, ApJ, 761, 147

Dynamics and Afterglow Light Curves of GRB Blast Waves with a Long-lived Reverse Shock


Hascoet, R.; Uhm, Z. L.; Mochkovitch, R.; Daigne, F. 2011, A&A, 534, 104

Was the "naked burst" GRB 050421 really naked?


Uhm, Z. L. 2011, ApJ, 733, 86

A Semi-analytic Formulation for Relativistic Blast Waves with a Long-lived Reverse Shock


Beloborodov, A. M.; Daigne, F.; Mochkovitch, R.; Uhm, Z. L. 2011, MNRAS, 410, 2422

Is gamma-ray burst afterglow emission intrinsically anisotropic?