Dynamical Origin for the Collinder 132–Gulliver 21 Stream: A Mixture of Three Comoving Populations with an Age Difference of 250Myr


We use Gaia DR3 data to study the Collinder 132–Gulliver 21 region via the machine-learning algorithm STARGO and find eight subgroups of stars (ASCC 32, Collinder 132 gp 1–6, Gulliver 21) located in close proximity. Three comoving populations were identified among these eight subgroups: (i) a coeval 25 Myr old moving group (Collinder 132), (ii) an intermediate-age (50–100 Myr) group, and (iii) the 275 Myr old dissolving cluster Gulliver 21. These three populations form parallel diagonal stripe-shape overdensities in the U–V distribution, which differ from open clusters and stellar groups in the solar neighborhood. We name this kinematic structure the Collinder 132–Gulliver 21 stream, as it extends over 270 pc in the 3D space. The oldest population, Gulliver 21, is spatially surrounded by the Collinder 132 moving group and the intermediate-age group. Stars in the Collinder 132–Gulliver 21 stream have an age difference up to 250 Myr. Metallicity information shows a variation of 0.3 dex between the youngest and oldest populations. The formation of the Collinder 132–Gulliver 21 stream involves both star formation and dynamical heating. The youngest population (Collinder 132 moving group) with homogeneous metallicity is probably formed through filamentary star formation. The intermediate-age and oldest populations were then scattered by the Galactic bar or spiral structure resonance to intercept Collinder 132ʼs orbit. Without mutual interaction between each population, the three populations are flying by each other currently and will become three distinct groups again in ∼50 Myr.

Xiaoying Pang (庞晓莹); Xi’an Jiaotong Liverpool University
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