The properties of the inner disk around HL Tau: Multi-wavelength modeling of the dust emission

We conducted a detailed radiative transfer modeling of the dust emission from the circumstellar disk around HL Tau. The goal of our study is to derive the surface density profile of the inner disk and its structure. In addition to the ALMA images at Band 3, Band 6 and Band 7, the most recent VLA observation at 7mm were included in the analysis. The radiative transfer analysis demonstrates that most radial components (i.e., > 6AU) of the disk become optically thin at a wavelength of 7mm, which allows us to constrain, for the first time, the dust density distribution in the inner region of the disk. We found that a homogeneous grain size distribution is not sufficient to explain the observed images at different wavelengths simultaneously, while models with a shallower grain size distribution in the inner disk work well. We found clear evidence that larger grains are trapped in the first bright ring. Our results imply that dust evolution has already taken place in the disk at a relatively young (i.e., ~ 1Myr) age. We compared the midplane temperature distribution, optical depth and properties of various dust rings with those reported previously. Using the Toomre parameter, we briefly discussed the gravitational instability as a potential mechanism for the origin of the dust clump detected in the first bright ring via the VLA observations.

Speaker: 
Yao Liu
Location: 
1st meeting room, KIAA
Time: 
Tue, 2017-10-31 12:00 to 13:00