Super Massive Black Hole in Galactic Nuclei with Tidal Disruption of Stars

TitleSuper Massive Black Hole in Galactic Nuclei with Tidal Disruption of Stars
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsZhong, S, Berczik, P, Spurzem, R
Keywordsgalaxies: kinematics and dynamics, galaxies: nuclei, methods: numerical, quasars: supermassive black holes, stars: kinematics and dynamics

{Tidal disruption of stars by super massive central black holes from dense star clusters is modeled by high-accuracy direct N-body simulation. The time evolution of the stellar tidal disruption rate, the effect of tidal disruption on the stellar density profile, and, for the first time, the detailed origin of tidally disrupted stars are carefully examined and compared with classic papers in the field. Up to 128k particles are used in simulation to model the star cluster around a super massive black hole, and we use the particle number and the tidal radius of the black hole as free parameters for a scaling analysis. The transition from full to empty loss-cone is analyzed in our data, and the tidal disruption rate scales with the particle number, N, in the expected way for both cases. For the first time in numerical simulations (under certain conditions) we can support the concept of a critical radius of Frank {\amp} Rees, which claims that most stars are tidally accreted on highly eccentric orbits originating from regions far outside the tidal radius. Due to the consumption of stars moving on radial orbits, a velocity anisotropy is found inside the cluster. Finally we estimate the real galactic center based on our simulation results and the scaling analysis. }