OGLE-2012-BLG-0455/MOA-2012-BLG-206: Microlensing Event with Ambiguity in Planetary Interpretations Caused by Incomplete Coverage of Planetary Signal

TitleOGLE-2012-BLG-0455/MOA-2012-BLG-206: Microlensing Event with Ambiguity in Planetary Interpretations Caused by Incomplete Coverage of Planetary Signal
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsPark, H, Han, C, Gould, A, Udalski, A, Sumi, T, Fouqué, P, Choi, J-Y, Christie, G, Depoy, D L, Dong, S, Gaudi, B S, Hwang, K-H, Jung, Y K, Kavka, A, Lee, C-U, Monard, L A G, Natusch, T, Ngan, H, Pogge, R W, Shin, I-G, Yee, J C, Collaboration, $μ$FUN, Szymański, M K, Kubiak, M, Soszyński, I, Pietrzyński, G, Poleski, R, Ulaczyk, K, Pietrukowicz, P, Kozłowski, S, Skowron, J, Wyrzykowski, Ł, Collaboration, OGLE, Abe, F, Bennett, D P, Bond, I A, Botzler, C S, Chote, P, Freeman, M, Fukui, A, Fukunaga, D, Harris, P, Itow, Y, Koshimoto, N, Ling, C H, Masuda, K, Matsubara, Y, Muraki, Y, Namba, S, Ohnishi, K, Rattenbury, N J, Saito, T, Sullivan, D J, Sweatman, W L, Suzuki, D, Tristram, P J, Wada, K, Yamai, N, Yock, P C M, Yonehara, A, Collaboration, TMOA
Keywordsgravitational lensing: micro, planets and satellites: general

{Characterizing a microlensing planet is done by modeling an observed lensing light curve. In this process, it is often confronted that solutions of different lensing parameters result in similar light curves, causing difficulties in uniquely interpreting the lens system, and thus understanding the causes of different types of degeneracy is important. In this work, we show that incomplete coverage of a planetary perturbation can result in degenerate solutions even for events where the planetary signal is detected with a high level of statistical significance. We demonstrate the degeneracy for an actually observed event OGLE-2012-BLG-0455/MOA-2012-BLG-206. The peak of this high-magnification event (A $_{max}$ \~{} 400) exhibits very strong deviation from a point-lens model with {$Δ$}{$\chi$}$^{2}$ {\gt}\~{} 4000 for data sets with a total of 6963 measurements. From detailed modeling of the light curve, we find that the deviation can be explained by four distinct solutions, i.e., two very different sets of solutions, each with a twofold degeneracy. While the twofold (so-called close/wide) degeneracy is well understood, the degeneracy between the radically different solutions is not previously known. The model light curves of this degeneracy differ substantially in the parts that were not covered by observation, indicating that the degeneracy is caused by the incomplete coverage of the perturbation. It is expected that the frequency of the degeneracy introduced in this work will be greatly reduced with the improvement of the current lensing survey and follow-up experiments and the advent of new surveys. }